Chromosomal mapping of 18S-25S; 5S ribosomal genes on 15 species of Fagaceae from Northern Thailand

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2008
Authors:P. Chokchaichmnankit, -Jonsson, A., Chulalaksananukul, W. K.
Journal:Silvae Genetica
Date Published:2008

Fifteen species of Fagaceae from Chiang Mai province, northern Thailand, were investi-gated: eight Castanopsis, four Lithocarpus and three Quercus species. The species were generally diploid with the chromosome number 2n = 24, and the basic number x =12 was confirmed in some species with meiosis. One tree belonging to Q. lenticellatus had 2n = 14. Chromosomal mapping of the highly repetitive 18S-25S and 5S ribosomal genes by fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) was performed. Most species (from all three genera) showed four 18S-25S rDNA sites (two pairs: one subterminal major and one paracentromeric/intercalary minor loci) and two 5S rDNA sites (one pair: paracentromeric locus). Quercus kerrii also had two pairs of 18S-25S rDNA sites, but both were subterminal major loci. Two species, C. argentea and Q. brandisianus, only had one pair of 18S-25S rDNA sites. Two species, C. calathiformis and L. vestitus, showed an odd number of (unpaired) sites, and this indicated hybrid origin and/or polyploidy. Polyploid cells were detected in these species. The ribosomal gene maps based on both sequences together were genus-specific. In Castanopsis, the 18S-25S and the 5S genes were local-ized on three different chromosome pairs, and comprised species-specific maps. On the other hand, the ribosomal genes in Lithocarpus and Quercus were found only on two chromosome pairs, because one of the two 18S-25S rDNA loci was localized on the same chromosome as the 5S rDNA locus. The FISH markers may be used to clarify discrepan-cies arising from morphological assessments.

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